Japan's weak machinery orders darken outlook, raise policy challenge
Core orders, the leading indicator of Japanese business spending, were down 1.1 per cent in July from the previous month, the data showed.
Japan's core machinery orders fell more than expected in July, as manufacturers in the world's third-largest economy balk at new investments in the face of sluggish global growth and weakness in major market China. The Cabinet Office data released on Thursday comes on top of several other indicators over recent weeks that have raised the challenge for Japanese policymakers confronting soft demand overseas and at home.
Core orders, the leading indicator of Japanese business spending, were down 1.1 per cent in July from the previous month, the data showed. The decline was bigger than a 0.9 per cent drop expected by economists in a Reuters poll and followed a 2.7 per cent gain in June. Orders from manufacturers fell 5.3 per cent, the largest decline in eight months, due to weak demand for computers from industries including electric machinery, auto and chemicals. Orders from "core" service-sector firms excluding shipping and electric utilities grew 1.3 per cent.
On a year-on-year basis, core orders, a highly volatile data series regarded as a gauge of capital spending in the coming six to nine months, contracted 13.0 per cent, larger than a forecast for a 10.7 per cent fall, the data showed. The government maintained its weak view on machinery orders, saying they are "stalling", highlighting the bumpy road ahead for Japanese business and its broader economy.
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In July, Japan's exports fell for the first time in nearly 2-1/2 years, while the industrial output contracted more than expected.
Confidence at big Japanese manufacturers fell the most in eight months, on worries a slowdown in China's economy could be a bigger drag on growth globally and at home, a Reuters corporate survey for September showed on Wednesday. Japan's economy grew less than initially estimated in April-June, revised gross domestic product data showed last week, as both business and consumer spending shrank.
Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, after reshuffling his cabinet on Wednesday, said the government will support the economy by ensuring that wage growth exceeds inflation in longer-term. Real wages have fallen for 16 months through to July due to rising inflation, complicating the Bank of Japan's monetary policy outlook.