Gender pay gap in India's manufacturing sector touches 30%
- Women in the manufacturing sector earn nearly Rs 100 per hour less than men.
- Manufacturing sector is the worst paid industry in India.
- Supervisors in the manufacturing sector also earned 34.7% more than their subordinates which was also attributed to the pay gap.
Men earning more than women in similar job profiles was classified as a ‘huge’ issue by International Labour Organisation (ILO) in the Global Wage Report 2016-17. Now the findings of a report by Monster India on Tuesday showed that in India’s lowest paid manufacturing sector, women are still at the bottom rung.
The men working in the manufacturing sector, which was also named the ‘lowest paid sector,’ earned more than the women, creating a near 30% wage gap.
“Male employees in the sector earn Rs 256.6 on an average and female employees earn Rs 179.8, constituting a 29.9% gender pay gap,” Monster India said.
The online recruitment agency’s Monster Salary Index (MSI) pointed out that higher education also received differential pay.
“Employees in the Manufacturing sector with only secondary education earn Rs 101.4 which is 62.6% less than master graduates at Rs 270.8. Additionally, wholly and partially owned foreign companies pay more than double than that of domestic companies at a median gross hourly salary of Rs 349.7. This indicates that improving the gender balance in labour force participation and managing the spate of automation could be an important step for India’s development,” the report said.
The report analysed data based on the WageIndicator dataset covering the period of 3 years, from January 2014 to December 2016. Near 20,350 respondents’ responses were analysed of which 85.02% were men and only 14.98% women, Monster India said.
Supervisors in the manufacturing sector also earned 34.7% more than their subordinates, the report said, which was also attributed to the pay gap. “At a supervisory position on an average, employees in the Manufacturing sector earn 34.7% more than their subordinates. This strong pay gap observed can be attributed to the pay gap between male and female supervisors.”
In an Oxfam report dated 15 January, 2017 showed that in India, women formed 60% of the lowest paid wage labour, but only 15% of the highest wage-earners. From not being given ‘farmer’ status to girl child labourers in India all contributed to the wage gap, the report said.
"More than 40% of the 400 million women who live in rural India are involved in agriculture and related activities. However, as women are not recognized as farmers and do not own land, they have limited access to government schemes and credit, restricting their agricultural productivity,” Oxfam added.
“Manufacturing sector is the worst paid in India, however, there has been a subtle increase in the employees’ satisfaction with pay from 50.8% to 53.5%,” the report added.
The median hourly salary has declined from three years ago in India, as pointed out in the report.
“The report highlights that despite economic growth, the median hourly salary decreased by 16.0%, going from Rs 251.9 in 2014 to Rs 252.1 in 2015 and 211.7 in 2016. The rate at which the salaries in the sector is dipping could pose a challenge to attract new talent entering the marketplace,” the report said.
In the matter of median hourly salaries, the report data showed banking and financial services had the highest paid salaries, followed by IT services and construction.
While manufacturing, healthcare, caring services, social work, education and research did not earn as much.
“The focus should now be on re-skilling, upskilling, building relevant capabilities and creating jobs for the 10 million young people who enter the job market every year,” Sanjay Modi, Managing Director (APAC & Middle East), Monster.com said.