Law enforcement and security agencies across the globe must join hands to deal with the threat posed by cyber crimes, Union minister Kiren Rijiju said here today.
Addressing the valedictory session of the Asia-Pacific Regional Conference of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), he said the existing frameworks, programmes and tools were often too slow and bureaucratic to allow for a timely and effective response.
"Law enforcement and security agencies worldwide must collaborate to tackle the threat posed by cyber crimes," he said.
Rijiju said law enforcement agencies that seek to keep communities safe were faced with increasing challenges of rapidly evolving technologies.
"Rather than multiple partners investing in and developing the same highly specialised skill-sets and expertise, perhaps a more effective, high-level model would be for law enforcement and relevant partners to focus on distinct core competencies and to make them available to others 'as a service'," he said.
The minister said the committing cyber crime was getting easier as technology made it easy to commit crime at a faraway place, in total anonymity, and with global reach.
"Tools and techniques to conduct cyber crime hacking software, malware can be downloaded freely. There are even step-by-step video instructions online that explain how to use them.
"In fact, crime-as-a-service is also being offered in dark web, we can see from looking at standard consumer technology that it only takes a few iterations of a product for it to become straightforward to use," he said.
Rijiju said the barrier to entry for cyber crime was very minimal i.e. just needed to access the Internet. In the past systems would have only been available only to technology-savvy cyber criminals.
Now, he said, such criminal services can be bought and used by anyone, regardless of their technical skills. What this evolution had revealed was the extent to which other criminal activities, beyond economic crime, were now being supported by these infrastructures.
As per our the National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB), 33,531 cyber-crime cases were registered during 2014-2016.
In 2016, 48.6 per cent of cyber crime cases reported were for illegal gain (5,987 out of 12,317 cases), followed by revenge with 8.6 per cent (1,056 cases) and insult to modesty of women at 5.6 per cent (686 cases). In 2016, cyber crime was the fourth largest crime in India.
Among the more rampant cyber crimes under Indian IT Act (various sections) were: Tampering computer source documents publications/transmission of obscene/sexually explicit contents, breach of confidentiality/privacy, data theft, cyber terrorism, Among the cyber crime motives include illegal gain, revenge, insult to modesty of women, extortion/ blackmailing, sexual exploitation, causing disrepute, inciting hate crime against community, developing own business/interest, political motives, disrupt public services, besides others.
Director of Intelligence Bureau Rajiv Jain also spoke on the occasion among others.
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