MoSPI to release IIP for April, CPI for May data today
India's monthly macroeconomic data is set to be released today. Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MoSPI) will be announcing retail inflation or Consumer Price Index (CPI), and factory output or Index of Industrial Production (IIP) data on Monday.
The Ministry will release factory output data for the month of April and retail inflation data for the month of May.
Ministry on May 12 released the new series of Wholesale Price Index (WPI) and IIP with new base year of 2011-12, which was considered as a long pending demand of the economists.
Till now, IIP and WPI was calculated on 2004-05 as base year.
Last week, while releasing the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) data, the Ministry had also revealed IIP and CPI data of the last six financial years (2011-12 to 2016-2017) based on the new series calculation.
Consumer Price Index
Retail inflation or CPI eased to 2.99% in April, helped by smaller rises in food prices. While in the month of March, it stood at 3.81%, rose from 3.65% in February.
Based on the new series, as per the recently released data, CPI shown a rise of 3.6 per cent during Q4 of 2016-17.
On June 7, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its last monetary policy review, had said that it aims to achieve medium-term target for CPI of 4% within a band of +/- 2 per cent, while supporting growth.
"Retail inflation measured by year-on-year changes in the consumer price index (CPI) plunged to a historic low in April, pulled down by a large favourable base effect which overwhelmed a momentum that was feeble relative to the historical record for the month. Underlying this surprising softness was a sharp fall in food inflation brought about by a deflation in the prices of pulses and vegetables. In response to these developments, inflation expectations three months ahead and a year ahead surveyed in the Reserve Bank’s inflation expectations survey of households have ticked down marginally." RBI had said.
Cautioning the drop of food inflation, State Bank of India in its research report Ecowrap titled "Dangers of very low food inflation", said that the CPI inflation which was 2.99% in Apr’17 is going to undershot 2.5% mark in May and the prediction of normal monsoon will ensure that low inflation will persist in the second half of the year also.
"We believe any rush towards the 4% inflation target will put further pressure on keeping a vigil on food prices. This is all the more relevant, given the agitations for farm loan waivers in different parts of the country as signs of rural distress, a flipside of the crash in food inflation over the last several months. This also shows the dangers of targeting food inflations consistently at very low levels as a part of the overall mandate for inflation targeting without adequate agricultural reforms," it said.
Index of Industrial Production
Factory output for the month of March grew to 2.7% as against drop of 1.2% in February 2017.
Hence, based on the new series, IIP, the index of mining, manufacturing and electricity registered growth rates of 7.7%, 1.8% and 4.3% respectively, in Q4 of 2016-17.
The new series on the IIP improved the coverage of industrial activity, realigns weights and reclassifies sub-sectors to better capture the underlying structural dynamics of the sector, and smoothens the impact of lumpy items on the index. As a result, industrial production expanded by 5% during 2016-17 based on the new series (as against 0.7% in the old series).
As per 77th round of RBI's industrial outlook survey, it is indicated that overall business sentiment is expected to improve in Q1 of 2017-18 on the back of a sharp pick up in both domestic and external demand.